Public Finance

PUBLIC FINANCE

General Government Budget

 

In Slovakia, the general government budget consists of:

  • the central government budget (of which a major part is the state budget) administered by the central government;
  • local government budgets administered by the bodies of local and regional governments (municipalities and higher territorial units);
  • budgets of social security funds covering social insurance and public health insurance; and
  • budgets of other general government entities (according to ESA95 methodology, state funds, property funds, public universities, Slovak television, Slovak radio and other institutional units are classified within the general government sector).

In recent years, Slovakia introduced several reforms aimed mainly at lowering the tax burden, improving the business environment, strengthening labour market flexibility and ensuring the overall efficiency and long-term sustainability of public finances.

Tax System Reform

In particular, the key changes in the tax system consisted of:

  • introducing a flat rate of income tax at the level of 19% (for individuals and legal entities alike) that replaced the previous corporate income tax rate of 25% and personal income tax rates ranging from 10% to 38%;
  • introducing a higher basic allowance for the taxpayer and a tax credit on children;
  • abolishing many exemptions, deductions, and special treatments in income taxation;
  • unifying VAT rates, likewise at the level of 19% (replacing the standard rate of 20% and reduced rate of 14%);
  • increasing the excise taxes to slightly above the minimum rates required by the EU;
  • abolishing the tax on dividends;
  • abolishing the tax on inheritances and gifts; and
  • abolishing the tax on the assignment and transfer of real estate (as early as 2005).

Fiscal decentralisation

Social assistance and family policy

Pension System Reform

First pillar: mandatory, PAYG, benefit-defined, administered by the government (Social Insurance Agency);

Second pillar: mandatory, fully-funded, contribution-defined, privately managed; and

Third pillar: voluntary, fully-funded, contribution-defined, privately managed, supported via tax allowance.

Healthcare Sector Reform

  • stabilization of the healthcare system to avoid the creation of a further funding burden;
  • systemic changes aimed at increasing the efficiency of health insurance; and
  • increasing the efficiency and quality of healthcare providers.

Public Finance Management Reform

The Slovak government has also instituted public finance management reforms, in particular:

  • multi-year budgeting;
  • programme budgeting;
  • establishment of the State Treasury; and
  • establishment of the Debt and Liquidity Management Agency.
Vyhľadávanie

Important

02. 08. 2022
We have published the Monthly Report about the ARDAL´s activities, which includes summary of government securities as of 31 July 2022 and outlook for August 2022. More
01. 07. 2022
We have published the Monthly Report about the ARDAL´s activities, which includes summary of government securities as of 30 June 2022 and outlook for July 2022. More
13. 06. 2022
The next auction will take place on Monday 20 June 2022. The bonds 236 M, 238 E, 241 C and 243 C will be offered in this auction. More
01. 06. 2022
We have published the Monthly Report about the ARDAL´s activities, which includes summary of government securities as of 31 May 2022 and outlook for June 2022. More
09. 05. 2022
The next auction will take place on Monday 16 May 2022. The bonds 233 V, 238 D, 239 G and 242 H will be offered in this auction. More
02. 05. 2022
We have published the Monthly Report about the ARDAL´s activities, which includes summary of government securities as of 30 April 2022 and outlook for May 2022. More
Archive important information